Lesson Plan: Grade 4 – Food Chains

Rationale: Students will learn that food chains are visual representations of how living things get their food.

Learning Goals:

  • Students will construct food chains consisting of different plants and animals, including humans
  • Students will classify organisms, including humans, according to their role in a food chain

Success Criteria:

  • I can construct food chains consisting of different plants and animals, including humans.
  • I can classify organisms, including humans, according to their role in a food chain.
  • I can respect the ideas of my group members and do my fair share of the work.

Assessment:

Observational notes: Kept as students work on their food chains, noting their abilities to collaborate with group members effectively.

Checklist: Collect completed food chains to check whether they have fulfilled the success criteria.

Materials:

  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • iPads

Introduction:

  • Students will explore what a food chain is by viewing the following video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hLq2datPo5M
  • With the whole class, the food chains mentioned in the video will be illustrated on the board and each organism in the food chain will be labelled either producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, apex predator, or decomposer.

Activity:

Students will work in groups of 2-3 and use chart paper or Popplet app to construct a food chain using organisms of their choice (humans must be included). Each group will then share their food chain with the rest of the class discussing the role of each organism in it.

Extension:

  • Introduce food webs as interconnected food chains and as a more accurate representation of nature.
  • Have students extend their food chains by adding additional organisms to create a complex food web.

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